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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 208-211

Epidemiological study of cervical cancer in the coastal region of Visakhapatnam

1 Department of Human Genetics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Mahatma Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sridevi Suvvari
Department of Human Genetics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_91_20

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Background: Cervical cancer is one of the major public health problems for women in India according to the population-based study. It can be reduced through health education, screening and thereafter treatment of pre-cancers. However, over 80% of women with cervical cancer live in developing countries. In the majority of situations, most women do not have any access to awareness, screening and treatment programmes. Methods: This is a study based on the knowledge of women regarding symptoms, risk factors, prevention and treatment of cervical cancer. A cross-sectional, self-administered questionnaire-based survey was conducted on 200 women from both urban and rural areas of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Results: No significant differences were noted between rural and urban women in their knowledge of cervical cancer was noticed. Of the subjects studied, 41.4% were aware of cervical cancer as a type of cancer affecting women, only 10% of the population know the screening of cervical cancer. Conclusions: The outcome of the results suggest the need for designing a strategy involving government action, conducting awareness, and screening programmes to minimise the occurrence of cervical cancer in this region.

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